L1 - Educational Studies in Languages and Literature
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Koek, M., Janssen, T., Hakemulder, F. & Rijlaarsdam, G. (2019). Literature education as a school for thinking: Students' learning experiences in secondary literature education. L1 - Educational Studies in Languages and Literature, 19 , pp. 1-33. https://doi.org/10.17239/L1ESLL-2019.19.01.01

Critical thinking and cognitive well-being are commonly associated to tendencies that do not come natu-rally to humans: inhibition of automatized cognitive processing (de-automatization) and thoughtful (re)construction of meaning. A previous study showed that students’ growth in literary interpretation skills can be partly explained by skills and dispositions related to de-automatization and (re)construction. The present study aims to identify students’ learning experiences of automatization and (re)construction during lessons in literary fiction. We selected 21 students (grade 10-12, mean age 17,2) of whom 15 students had shown growth in literary understanding (growth group) and 6 had not (no-growth group). We conducted stimulated recall interviews focused on learning experiences during four months of a specific literature course, using students’ literature portfolio as stimulus. All interviews were fully tran-scribed. First, segments containing learning experiences with de-automatization and/or (re)construction were selected. To chart the nature of de-automatization and (re)construction experiences each segment was then coded bottom-up, iteratively and axially. Findings indicate three types of de-automatization (questioning, interpretation awareness and delay), and three types of (re)construction (reasoning, con-sidering alternatives and concluding), with participants in the no-growth group recalling significantly less experiences of questioning, delay and reasoning than students in the growth-group. Thus, the specific literature education under study potentially offered students experiences that might stimulate their tendency to engage in de-automatized (re)construction of meaning.


Koek, Martijn
Janssen, Tanja
Hakemulder, Frank
Rijlaarsdam, Gert http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2633-7336
Publication date 2019-01-21
DOI 10.17239/L1ESLL-2019.19.01.01
Subject Literature Education
de-automatization of automatized cognitive processes
dual process theory
literature education
student experiences
Document 1
File Koek_et_al_2019.pdf
Available since 2019-01-21 10:30:12
Description Published version