L1 - Educational Studies in Languages and Literature
L1 Educational Studies in Language and Literature

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Park, S. & Min, B. (2019). Development of a questionnaire to measure reflective attitude toward conversation. Contribution to a special issue on Assessing Oracy, edited by Anne-Grete Kaldahl, Antonia Bachinger, and Gert Rijlaarsdam. L1-Educational Studies in Language and Literature, 19, 1-19. https://doi.org/10.17239/L1ESLL-2019.19.03.01

This study aimed to develop a valid questionnaire to measure upper secondary learners’ Reflective Atti-tude toward Conversation. In the preliminary stage, 27 items were formulated under the three con-structs we defined theoretically: Thoughtful Action, Content and Process Reflection, and Premise Reflec-tion. In the exploratory stage, 467 high school students responded to the 27 items. The results of an exploratory factor analysis showed that 12 of the 27 items had good communalities (> 0.30) and good factor loadings (> 0.40). Further, the 3-factor-model showed a non-significant chi-square test result and a suitable TLI value (.979). In the confirmatory stage, 1,055 high school students responded to the 12 items finalized across two sessions. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis with the first confirmatory stage sample (568 students), showed that the NFI (.849) and CFI (.879) did not satisfy the necessary crite-ria (>.900). After revising two items, the results of the CFA with the second sample (487 students), re-vealed a CFI of .912, a GFI of .936, an RMR of .037, and an RMSEA of .076, which satisfied the necessary criteria, although the NFI of .897 still did not satisfy the necessary criterion. We recommend that future studies use the developed measure.


Min, Byeonggon
Park, Seongseog
Publication date 2019-07-24
DOI 10.17239/L1ESLL-2019.19.03.01
Collection Special issue Assessing Oracy
content reflection
oracy education
premise reflection
process reflection
thoughtful action
Document 1
File Park_Min_2019.pdf
Available since 2019-07-25 10:14:32
Description Published version