L1 - Educational Studies in Languages and Literature
L1 Educational Studies in Language and Literature

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Daszkiewicz, M., Sousa, O., Łockiewicz, M., Lino, D., Piechowska, M., Fuertes, M., Wawrzyniak-Śliwska, M., & Costa-Pereira, T. (2020). Comparative analysis of the approach to L1 oracy in Polish and Portuguese early education curricula. L1-Educational Studies in Language and Literature, 20, 1-17. https://doi.org/10.17239/L1ESLL-2020.20.01.08

The aim of our paper is to describe and examine the approach to oracy in core curricula in two European countries: Poland and Portugal. In the paper, we examine kindergarten and early education L1 curricula, identifying their strengths and weaknesses, similarities and differences, and discuss theoretical positions that support the guiding documents of the educational activities in the two countries.

Though Polish and Portuguese early education recommendations and obligations include teaching oracy, the importance they put on its development is quite dissimilar. Polish legislation focuses on teaching literacy. The term “oracy” is not used, and oracy itself is treated as a sub-category with specific require-ments concerning most elementary forms of expression, e. g. naming or answering questions. Portuguese legislation lists orality among four main educational components, together with reading and writing, liter-ary education, and grammar. The term “orality” corresponds to oracy, and is treated as a tool for both expression and comprehension, and a prerequisite for advanced cognitive skills.

We think that the development of oracy in early education should be considered a priority, together with the development of literacy, taking into account its importance for the children’s future academic achievement and active citizenship.


Daszkiewicz, Michał
Sousa, Otilia
Łockiewicz, Marta
Lino, Dalila
Piechowska, Martyna
Publication date 2020-06-17
DOI 10.17239/L1ESLL-2020.20.01.08
early childhood education
Document 1
File Daszkiewicz_et_al_2020.pdf
Available since 2020-06-17 16:07:13
Description Published version